top of page

1891       Apr 14      Born at Mahu (Madhya Pradesh), the fourteenth child of Subhedar Ramji Sapkal and Mrs Bhimabai Ambedkar.

1896                         Death of the mother, Mrs Bhimabai Ambedkar

1900       Nov           Entered the Government High School at Satara.

1904                         Entered the Elphinstone High School at Bombay.

1906                         Married Ramabai daughter of Mr. Bhiku Walangkar, one of the relations of Gopal Baba Walangkar

1907                         Passed Matriculation Examination, scored 382 marks out of 750.

1908       Jan            Honoured in a meeting presided over by Shri S K Bole, Shri K A (Dada) Keluskar Guruji presented a book on the life of                                   Gautam Buddha written by him. Entered the Elphinstone College, Bombay.

1912       Dec           Birth of the son Yeshwant.

1913                         Passed B.A Examination with Persian and English from University of Bombay, scored 449 marks out of 1000.

1913       Feb           Death of father Subhedar Ramji Maloji Ambedkar at Bombay.

1913       July           Gaikwar’s Scholar in the Columbia University, New York, reading in the Faculty of Political Science.

1915       June 5       Passed M.A. Examination majoring in Economics and with Sociology, History Philosophy, Anthropology and Politics                                        as the other subjects of study.

1916       May          Read a paper on The Castes in India’ before Prof. Goldernweiser’s Anthropology Seminar. The paper was later                                                  published in The Indian Antiquary in May 1917. It was also republished in the form of a brochure, the first published                                    work of Dr Ambedkar. Wrote a Thesis entitled ‘The National Divident of India – A Historical and Analytical Study’ for                                      the Ph.D Degree.

1916       June          Left Colombia University after completing work for the Ph.D, to join the London School of Economics and Political                                          Science, London as a graduate student.

1917                         Columbia University conferred a Degree of Ph.D.

1917       June          Return to India after spending a year in London working on the thesis for the M.Sc. (Econ) Degree. The return before                                      completion of the work was necessitated by the termination the scholarship granted by the Baroda State.

1917       July           Appointed as Military Secretary to H.H. the Maharaja Gaikwar of Baroda with a view Finance Minister. But left                                                shortly due to ill. Treatment meted out to him because of his lowly caste. Published “Small Holdings in India and                                              Their  Remedies”.

1918                         Gave evidence before the Southborough Commission on Franchise. Attended the Conference of the depressed
                                  Classes held at Nagpur.

1918       Nov           Professor of Political Economy in the Sydenham College of Commerce & Economics, Bombay.

1920       Jan 31       Started a Marathi Weekly paper Mooknayak to champion the cause of the depressed classes. Shri Nandram Bhatkar                                        was the editor, later Shri Dyander Gholap was the editor.

1920       Mar 21     Attended depressed classes Conference held under the presidency of Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj at Kolhapur.

1920       Mar          Resigned professorship at Sydenham College to resume his studies in London.

1920       May          Memorable speech in Nagpur, criticised Karmaveer Shinde and Depressed Classes Mission.

1920       Sept          Rejoined the London School of Economics. Also entered Gray’s Inn to read for the Bar.

1921       June         The thesis ‘Provincial Decentralisation of Imperial Finance in British India’ was accepted for M.Sc. (Econ) Degree by                                       the London University.

1922-23                   Spent some time in reading economics in the University of Bonn in Germany.

1923       Mar          The Thesis ‘The Problem of the Rupee – Its origin and its solution’ was accepted for the degree of D.Sc. (Econ.). The                                           thesis was published in December 1923 by P S King & Company, London. Reissued by Thacker & Company, Bombay in                                   May 1947 under the title History of Indian Currency and Banking Vol. 1.

1923                         Called to the Bar.

1923       Apr           Returned to India.

1924       June          Started practice in the Bombay High Court.

1924       July 20     Founded the ‘Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha’ for the uplift of the depressed classes. The aims of the Sabha were educate,                                       agitate, organise.

1925                         Published ‘The Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India’ – dissertation on the provincial decentralisation of                                         Imperial Finance in India’.Opened a hostel for Untouchable students at Barshi.

1926                         Gave evidence before the Royal Commission on Indian Currency (Hilton Young Commisssion).Nominated Member of                                     the Bombay Legislative Council.

1927       Mar 20     Started Satyagraha at Mahad (Dist Kolaba) to secure to the untouchables the Right of access to the Chavdar Tank.

1927       Apr 3        Started a fortnightly Marathi paper Bahiskrit Bharat Dr Ambedkar himself was the editor.

1927       Sept          Established ‘Samaj Samata Sangh’.

1927       Dec           Second Conference in Mahad.

1928       Mar          Introduced the “Vatan Bill” in the Bombay Legislative Council.

1928       May         Gave evidence before the Indian Statutory Committee (Simon Commission).

1928       June         Professor. Government Law College Bombay.Principal. Government Law College Bombay.

1928-29                   Member. Bombay Presidency Committee of the Simon Committee.

1930        Mar                 Satyagraha at Kalram Temple. Nasik to secure for the Untouchables the right of entry into the temple.

1930-32                   Delegate. Round Table Conference representing Untouchables of India.

1932       Sept          Signed with Mr. M.K. Gandhi the Poona Pact giving up, to save Gandhi’s life. separate electorates granted to the                                               Depressed Classes by Ramsay MacDonald’s Communal Award, and accepting, instead representation through joint                                           electorates.

1932-34                   Member joint Parliamentary Committee on the Indian Constitutional Reform.

1934                         Left Parel, Damodar Hall and came to stay in ‘Rajagriha’ Dadar (Bombay). This was done in order to get more                                                   accommodation for his library which was increasing day by day.

1935        May 26   Death of wife. Mrs. Ramabai Ambedkar.

1935         June       Dr. Ambedkar was appointed as Principal of Government Law College, Bombay. He was also appointed Perry                                                   Professor of Jurisprudence.

                 Oct 13     Historical Yeola Conversion Conference held under the Presidentship of Dr. Ambedkar at Yeola Dist., Nasik. He                                                  exhorted the Depressed Classes to leave Hinduism and embrace another religion. He declared: ‘I was born as a Hindu                                    but I will not die as a Hindu’. He also advisedhis followers to abandon the Kalaram Mandi entry Satyagriha, Nasik.

                 Dec          Dr. Ambedkar was invited by the Jat Pat Todak Mandal of Lahore to preside over the Conference. Dr.Ambedkar                                                prepared his historical speech. The Annihilation of Caste’. The conference was cancelled by the Mandal on the ground                                    that Dr.Ambedkar’s thoughts were revolutionary. Finally, Dr. Ambedkar refused to preside and published his speech                                      in book form in1937.

1936    Jan 12-13     The Depressed Classes Conference was held at Pune.Dr. Ambedkar reiterated his resolve of the Yeola Conference to                                         leave Hinduism. The conference was presided over by Rav Bahadur N. Shina Raj.

            Feb 29           Dr. Ambedkar’s Conversion Resolution was supported by the Chambars (Cobblers) of East Khandesh.

            May 30          Bombay Presidency Conversion Conference (Mumbai Elaka Mahar Panshad) of Mahars was held at Naigaum (Dadar)                                     to sound their opinion on the issue of Conversion. Mr. Subha Rao, popularly known as Hydrabadi Ambedkar,                                                   presided over the Conference. In the morning the Ascetics shaved their beards, moustaches and destroyed their                                               symbols of Hinduism in an Ascetic’s Conference.

             June 15        Conference of Devadasis was held m Bombay to support Dr. Ambedkar’s Resolution of Conversion.

             June 18         Dr. Ambedkar-Dr. Moonje talks on conversion. Pro Sikkhism.

             June 23        Matang Parishad in support of Conversion.

             Aug               Dr. Ambedkar founded the Independent Labour Party, a strong opposition party in Bombay’s Legislative Council.

             Sept 18         Dr.Ambedkar sent a delegation of 13 members to the Golden Temple Amritsar to study Sikkhism.

             Nov 11          Dr.Ambedkar left for Geneva and London.

1937                           Dr.Ambedkar organised the ‘Municipal Workers’ Union’ Bombay in 1937.

              Jan 14          Dr. Ambedkar returned to Bombay.

              Feb 17         The First General Elections were held under the Govt. of India Act of 1935. Dr. Ambedkar was elected Member of                                             Bombay Legislative Assembly (Total Seats 175. Reserved Seats 15. Dr. Ambedkar’s Independent Labour Party won 17                                     seats.)

              Mar 17        The Mahad Chowdar Tank case was decided in favour of D.C. by which they got a legal right to use the public wells                                         and tanks.

              July31          Dr. Ambedkar received a grand reception at Chalisgaon Railway station.

              Sept 17        Dr. Ambedkar introduced his Bill to abolish the Mahar Watan in the Assembly

              Dec31          Reception at Pandhapur on the way to Solapur, where he was going to preside over the Solapur District D.C’.                                                     Conference.

1938     Jan 4             Reception given by the Solapur Municipal Council.

1938     Jan                The Congress Party introduced a Bill making a change in the name of Untouchables. i.e. they would be called                                                    Harijans meaning sons of God. Dr. Ambedkar criticised the Bill. as in his opinion the change of name would make no                                      real change in their conditions. Dr. Ambedkar and Bhaurav Gaikwad protested against the use of the term Harijans                                        in legal matters. When the ruling party by sheer force of numbers defeated the I.L.P., the Labour-Party group                                                    walked out of the Assembly in protest under the leadership of Dr. Ambedkar. He organised peasants march on                                                  Bombay Assembly. The peasants demanded the passing of Dr. Ambedkar’s Bill for abolition of the Khoti system.

1938    Jan 23            Dr. Ambedkar addressed a Peasants’ Conference at Ahmedabad.

1938    Feb 12-13      Dr. Ambedkar addressed a historical Conference of Railway workers at Manmad (Dist. Nasik).

1938    Apr                Dr. Ambedkar opposed creation of a separate Karnataka State in the national interest.

1938    May               Dr. Ambedkar resigned from the Principal-ship of the Government Law College, Bombay.

1938    May 13-21    Dr. Ambedkar went on tour of Konkan Region. He also went to Nagpur in connection with a court case.

1938    Aug                A meeting was held at R.M. Bhat High School, Bombay for exposing Gandhiji’s attitude in disallowing a D.C. man                                              being taken into the Central Ministry.

1938     Sept              Dr. Ambedkar spoke on the Industrial Disputes Bill in the Bombay Assembly. He bitterly opposed it for its attempt to                                        outlaw the right of workers to strike. He said: If Congressmen believe that Swaraj is their birth-right, then the right                                         to strike is the birth-right of workers.

1938     Oct 1            Dr. Ambedkar addressed a large gathering at Bawala, near Ahmedabad. On return he addressed another meeting at                                       Premabhai Hall, Ahmedabad.

1938    Nov 6           The Industrial Workers strike. The procession (under the leadership of Dr. Ambedkar, Nirnkar, Dange, Pasulkar etc)                                       was organised from Kamgar Maidan to Jambori Maidan, Worli. Dr.Ambedkar toured the workers areas with                                                    Jamvadas Mehta.

1938   Nov 10          Dr. Ambedkar moved a Resolution for adoption of the methods for birth-control in the Bombay Assembly.

1938   Dec                Dr. Ambedkar addressed the first D.C. Conference in Nizam’s dominion at Mahad.

1939   Jan 18            Dr. Ambedkar addressed a large gathering at Rajkot

            Jan 19            Ambedkar-Gandhi talks.

            Jan 29            Kale Memorial Lecture of Gorkhale School of Politics and Economics, Poona reviewing critically the All India                                                     Federation Scheme set out in the Govt. of India Act of 1935. The speech was issued in March 1939 as a tract for the                                           times under the title ‘Federation v/s Freedom’.

             July               Dr. Ambedkar addressed a meeting organised for Rohidas Vidya Committee.

             Oct                Dr.Ambedkar-Nehru first meeting.

             Dec               The Conference at Haregaon was held under the Presidentship of Dr.Ambedkar to voice the grievances of Mahar and                                     Mahar Watandass

1940      May            Dr. Ambedkar founded the ‘Mahar Panchayat’.

1940     July 22         Netaji Subash Chandra Bose met Dr. Ambedkar in Bombay.

1940     Dec              Dr. Ambedkar published his Thoughts on Pakistan. The second edition with the title Pakistan or Partition of India was                                     issued in February 1945. A third impression of the book was published in 1946 under the title India’s Political What’s                                     What: Pakistan or Partition of India.

1941      Jan              Dr.Ambedkar pursued the issue of recruitment of Mahars in the Army. In result the Mahars Battallion was formed

1941     May 25        Mahar Dynast Panchayat Samiti was Formed by Dr. Ambedkar.

1941     July              Dr.Ambedkar was appointed to sit on the Defence Advisory Committee.

1941     Aug              The Conference was held at Sinnar in protest of tax on Mahar Watams. Dr.Ambedkar launched a no-tax campaign.                                         He saw the Governor. Finally, the tax was abolished. The Mumbai Elaka Conference of Mahars, Mangs and Derdasis                                       were organised under the Chairmanship of Dr.Ambedkar

1942     Apr              Dr. Ambedkar founded the All India Scheduled Castes Federation in Nagpur.

1942    July 18          Dr. Ambedkar addressed All India D.C. Conference at Nagpur.

1942    July 20          Dr.Ambedkar joined the Viceroy’s Executive Council as a Labour Member

1942    Dec                Dr. Ambedkar submitted a paper on “The problems of the Untouchables in India” to the Institute of Pacific Relations                                       at its Conference held in Canada. The paper is printed in the proceedings of the Conference. The paper was                                                        subsequently published in December 1943 in the book form under the title Mr Gandhi and Emancipation of the                                               Untouchables.

1943    Jan 19           Dr. Ambedkar delivered a Presidential address on the occasion of the 101st Birth Anniversary of Justice Mahader                                             Govind Ranade. It is published in book form in April 1943 under the title Ranade. Gandhi and Jinnah.

1944                          Dr. Ambedkar founded “The Building Trust and the Scheduled Caste Improvement Trust”.

1944     May 6          Dr.Ambedkar addressed the Annual Conference of the All India S.C. Federation at Parel (Bombay) The speech was                                           later published under the title “The Communal Deadlock and a way to solve it.’

1944      June            Dr.Ambedkar published his book What Congress and Gandhi have done to the Untouchables – a complete                                                           compendium of information regarding the movement of the Untouchables for political safeguards. Dr.Ambedkar                                             attended the Simla Conference.

1944      July             Dr Ambedkar founded ‘People’s Education Society’ in Bombay.

1946                          Dr Ambedkar gave evidence before the British delegation.

1946     Apr              Opening of Siddharth College of Arts and Science in Bombay

1946     May             The Bharat Bhushan Printing Press (founded by Dr Ambedkar) was burnt down in the clashes between D.C. and the                                         Caste-Hindus

1946   June 20          Siddharth College started

              Sept             Dr Ambedkar went to London to urge before the British Government and the Opposition Party the need to provide                                           safeguards for the D.C., on grant of Independence to India and thus to rectify the wrongs done to the D.C. by the                                               Cabinet Mission.

             Oct 13           Dr Ambedkar published his book. Who were Shudras? An enquiry into how the Shudras came to be the fourth Varna                                      in the Indo-Aryan Society.Dr Ambedkar was elected Member of the Constitution Assembly of India.

             Nov               Dr Ambedkar’s First speech in the Constituent Assembly. He called for a ‘strong and United India’.

1947      Mar             Published ‘States and Minorities’. A memorandum of Fundamental Rights, Minority Rights, safeguards for the D.C.                                            and on the problems of Indian states.

1947    Apr 29           Article 17 of the Constitution of India for the abolition of Untouchability was moved by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in t                                      the Constituent Assembly and it was passed.

1947    Aug 15           India obtained her Independence. Dr Ambedkar was elected to the Constituent Assembly by the Bombay Legislature                                      Congress Party. Dr Ambedkar joined Nehru’s Cabinet. He became the
                                    First Law Minister of Independent India. The Constituent Assembly appointed him to the drafting Committee, which                                     elected him as a Chairman on 29th August 1947.

1948     Feb               Dr Ambedkar completed the Draft Constitution of Indian Republic.

1948     Apr 15          Second marriage – Dr Ambedkar married Dr Sharda Kabir in Delhi.

1948     Oct                Published his book The Untouchables. A thesis on the origin of Untouchability. Dr Ambedkar submitted his                                                        Memorandum, “Maharashtra as a linguistic Province” to the Dhar Commission. The Linguistic Provinces                                                            Commission).

1948     Oct 4             Dr.Ambedkar presented the Draft Constitution to Constituent Assembly.

1948   Nov 20           The Constituent Assembly adopted Article 17 of the Constitution for the abolition of Untouchability.

1949     Jan                Dr Ambedkar, Law Minister of India visited Hydrabad (Deccan)

1949   Jan 15             Dr Ambedkar was presented with a Purse at Manmad by his admirers. He addressed a large gathering.

1949   Jan 21             He stayed at Aurangabad in connection with his opening proposed College. During the stay he visited Ajanta – Ellora                                      Caves. 

1949    Mar/ may       Dr Ambedkar visited Bombay in connection with College work and for a medical check-up.

1949      Sept               Meeting between Dr Ambedkar and Madhavrao Golvalker, Chief of RRs and the residence of Dr Ambedkar at Delhi.

1949      Nov               Dr Ambedkar came to Bombay for college work meeting and medical check-up.

1949      Nov               Dr Ambedkar addressed the Constituent Assembly.

1949     Nov 26           Constituent Assembly adopted the Constitution. Dr Ambedkar came to Bombay for check-up.

1950     Jan 11             Dr Ambedkar addressed the Siddharth College Parliament on the Hindu Code Bill. In the evening he was presented                                          with a silver casket containing a copy of the Indian Constitution at Nare Park Maidan, Bombay.

               May               Dr Ambedkar’s article The Buddha and the Future His Religion’ was published in the journal of Mahabodhi Society,                                        Calcutta. Dr.Ambedkar addressed the Young Men’s Buddhist Association on “The Rise and Fall of Hindu Women”.                                            Dr Ambedkar spoke on the “Merits of Buddhism” at the meeting arranged on the occasion of Buddha Jayanti in                                                Delhi.

1950    Sept 1              Dr Rajendra Prasad, the First President of the Indian Republic laid the foundation stone of Milind Maharidyalaya,                                            Aurangabad. Dr.Ambedkar delivered a speech on the occasion (The printed speech is available with Mr Surwade)

1950     Dec                 Dr Ambedkar went to Colombo as a Delegate to the World Buddhist Conference.

1951   Feb 5                Dr.Ambedkar, Law Minister introduced his “Hindu Code Bill” in the Parliament.

1951   Apr 15              Dr Ambedkar laid the foundation stone of “Dr Ambedkar Bhavan”. Delhi.

1951    July                  Dr Ambedkar founded “The Bhartiya Buddha Jansangh”.

1951   Sept                  Dr Ambedkar compiled a Buddhist prayer book Buddha Upasana Palha

1951   Sept 9               Dr Ambedkar resigned from the Nehru Cabinet because, among other reasons, the withdrawal of Cabinet support to                                        the Hindu Code Bill in spite of the earlier declaration in the Parliament by the Prime Minister Pt Jawaharlal Nehru,                                          that his Government would stand or fall with the Hindu Code Bill. Apart from this Nehru announced that he will                                              sink or swim with the Hindu Code Bill.Dr Ambedkar published his speech in book form under the title The Rise and                                        Fall of Hindu Women.

1951   Sept 19             The marriage and divorce Bill was discussed in the Parliament.

1951   Oct 11               Dr Ambedkar left the Cabinet.

1952   Jan                    Dr Ambedkar was defeated in the First Lok Sabha elections held under the Constitution of Indian Republic.                                                       Congress candidate N. S. Kajrolkar defeated Dr Ambedkar.

1952    Mar                 Dr Ambedkar was introduced into Parliament as a member of the Council (Rajya Sabha) of States, representing                                                 Bombay.

1952   June 1              Dr Ambedkar left for New York from Bombay.

1952   June 15            Columbia University (USA) conferred the honorary Degree of LL.D., in its Bi-Centennial Celebrations Special                                                     Convocation held in New York.

1952   June 16            Dr Ambedkar returned to Bombay.

1952   Dec 16              Dr Ambedkar addressed Annual Social Gathering of Elphinstone College, Bombay.

1952   Dec 22              Dr Ambedkar delivered a talk on “Conditions Precedent to the Successful working of Democracy” at the Bar Council,                                       Pune.

1953   Jan 12              The Osmania University conferred the honorary Degree of LL.D on Dr Ambedkar.

1953   Mar                  The Untouchability (offences) Bill was introduced in the Parliament by the Nehru Government.

1953   Apr                   Dr Ambedkar contested the By-Election for Lok Sabha from Bhandara Constituency of Vidarbha Region but was                                               defeated Congress Candidate Mr Borkar.

1953    May                 Opening of Siddharth College of Commerce and Economics in Bombay.

1953    Dec                   Dr Ambedkar inaugurated the All India Conference of Sai devotees at the St. X’avier’s Maidan Parel Bombay (His                                             inaugural speech is available with Mr Surwade)

1954     May               Dr Ambedkar visited Rangoon to attend the function arranged on the occasion of Buddha Jayanti.

1954     June               The Maharaja of Mysore donated 5 acres of land for Dr Ambedkar’s proposed Buddhist Seminary to be started at                                             Bangalore

1954     Sept 16          Dr Ambedkar spoke on the Untouchability (Offences) Bill in the Rajya Sabha

1954     Oct 3              Dr Ambedkar broadcast his talk “My Personal Philosophy”

1954    Oct 29             Shri R. D. Bhandare, President of Bombay Pradesh S.C. Federation presented a purse of Rs 118,000 on behalf of                                                 S.C.F. to Dr Ambedkar at Purandare Stadium, Naigaum (Bombay)

1954     Dec                Dr Ambedkar participated as delegate to the 3rd World Buddhist Conference at Rangoon.

1955    April 3           Delivered a speech “Why Religion is necessary”.

1955    May                Dr Ambedkar established Bhartiya Bauddha Mahasabha (The Buddhist Society of India

1955    Aug                Founded ‘Murnbai Rajya KanishthaGarkamgart Association’

1955     Dec                Published his opinions on linguistic states in book form under the title Thoughts on linguistic States.

1955     Dec                Dr Ambedkar installed an image of Buddha at Dehu Road (near Pune)

1955    Dec 27            Dr Ambedkar spoke against reservation of seats in the State and Central Legislatures.

1956    Feb                 Dr Ambedkar completed his The Buddha and His Dhamma, Revolution & Counter-revolution in Ancient India.

1956     Mar 15          Dr Ambedkar wrote and dictated the Preface of The Buddha and His Dhamma.

1956     May 1           Dr Ambedkar spoke on Linguistic states in the Council of States.Dr Ambedkar spoke on BBC London on “Why I like                                          Buddhism”, Also, he spoke for Voice Voice of America on “The Future of Indian

1956   May 24           Dr Ambedkar attended a meeting at Nare Park organised on the eve of Buddha Jayanti, Shri B.G.Kher, Prime                                                      Minister of Bombay was Chief Guest. This meeting was the last meeting of Dr Ambedkar in Bombay.

1956    June               Opening of Siddharth College of Law in Bombay.

1956    Oct 14            Dr Ambedkar embraced Buddhism at an historic ceremony at Diksha Bhoomi, Nagpur with his millions of followers.                                      Announced to desolve S.C.F and establish Republican Party.

1956   Nov 20            Delegate, 4th World Buddhist Conference, Khalinandu, where he delivered his famous speech famous speech                                                     ‘Buddha or Karl Marx’.

1956    Dec 6              Maha Nirvana at his residence, 26 Alipore Road,New Delhi.

1956    Dec 7              Cremation at Dadar Chawpatti – Now known as Chaitya Bhoomi Dadar (Bombay).

bottom of page